An Extension of Part II of Our Four-fold Treatment Protocol is The Wicking Paper That Allows Continuous Flow of Oils!
This system can replace the Grease Patty system, especially during the summer months.
A nuc-sized colony was chosen to demonstrate installation of this new system.
This device may not be practical for the large scale or commercial beekeepers as our HBHFA fumigator, but may be found useful by the hobby beekeeper with a few colonies.
This photo shows the small snack bag attached to the outer most frame. Thumb tacks or staples can be used to attach the bag.
This photo shows some bees beginning to track over the oil saturated paper. As long as the paper stays saturated keeping the reservoir filled the bees will not remove the paper.
This photo shows priming the wick for initial installation of this device. On the right it is shown how the wick bends into the plastic bag.
The above photo shows the wicking paper in place with the bottle showing ease of refilling the plastic bag reservoir. Refilling could also be done outside the hive to save time.

The above experiment was conducted on a few colonies during the summer of 2001. Most of our time was devoted to improving the HBH formic acid fumigator and HBH feeding experiments. We initially used 15% wintergreen in canola oil and found the oil soon dried on the paper and stopped the flow of oils to the bees. We then changed to a light mineral oil produced by Avatar Corp., University Park, IL which allowed for a continued flow of oils throughout the experiment. We then encountered another problem; the 15% wintergreen was too strong and caused some queen balling and supercedures. We reduced the wintergreen to 7%, which seemed to eliminate these problems.

By the time we had solved the problems we had encountered it was already mid September, so we abandoned the experiment. During the brief time we tested this system we had observed the bees tracked-up a lot of oil, they were calm, healthy, with no noticeable mites on the bees. There were a lot of mites on the sticky boards under the screened bottom boards. The specialty AC-5 paper used in this trial was produced by Filter Materials, Waupaca, WI.

More research needs to be done to determine if this system will keep both mites to below colony injury level during the brood season.
We do not plan any more research at this time (12-19-01) on this experiment!